5. Nanotechnology in smart, green and integrated transportation
Omega 1,11/06/2015, 4/22/18 13:30 - 4/22/18 15:00
While it brings many benefits to the mobility of people, goods and eventually cultural and business exchanges, Transportation creates many challenges for Europe’s development. Transport is responsible for around a quarter of EU greenhouse gas emissions making it the second biggest greenhouse gas emitting sector after energy. Road transport alone contributes about one-fifth of the EU’s total CO2 emissions while accounting for 21% of Europe’s fossil fuel consumption and 60% of its oil consumption. On another perspective, road traffic accidents are today the main cause of death in Europe’s under-45 age group.
Nanotechnology can bring a formidable range of solutions to face these challenges. Nanomaterials will enable the future electrification of the vehicle, through their contribution to battery or fuel cell’s efficiency while nanostructured catalysts will keep improving the environmental impact of current combustion engines. Nano-based lighter and stronger materials reduce the weight and improve safety, while nanotechnology based coatings can also increase durability and lower friction. This session will attempt to provide an up-date of the latest advancements in this regard.